However, when habitats are fragmented by humans and turned into plantations, this can accelerate biodiversity loss. Hence, land use managers and conservation strategists are increasingly emphasizing the need to manage at the scale of landscapes.
Anatomy of a Conservation Landscape
Landscapes are typically defined at a scale smaller than that of ecoregions but larger than individual protected areas. They can be seen as having 3 distinct elements (see map below):
- core conservation areas (where the conservation of natural capital is paramount)
- buffer zones and corridors (where there is often a mix of conservation and production objectives)
- a remaining matrix (containing the bulk of a landscape’s human settlement, agricultural and industrial production, and heavy infrastructure).