© WWF Greater Mekong

Lower Mekong Dry Forests Ecoregion

Wild Asian elephants in the dry forests of Cambodia.

No better place to make a stand

This large ecoregion encompasses several types of habitats as it sprawls across the plateau and dips down into lowland river basins.

Dipterocarp (tall hardwood trees) forests growing in the drier regions give way to stands of more lush vegetation in the moister areas. These wooded areas open up onto wide open grassy savannahs.

These dry forests merge with closed canopy mountain forests in the foothills of the Dry Forests Ecoregion and, in the west, the Cardamom Mountains.

Such diversity of habitat and the area's extremes between wet and dry seasons has led this one of the globally outstanding areas for its diversity of life (biodiversity).

Haven for many animals
Large mammals that have been pushed to the brink of extinction elsewhere have a chance at life in the dry forests. Threatened and endangered mammals such as the Asian elephant, banteng, gaur, and tiger are found here.

Dholes, large cats and leopards join the tiger as the region's key large predators.

Nearly 500 bird species live or pass through the area, including the threatened Bengal florican, greater adjutant, and the critically endangered white-shouldered and giant ibises.

Dry Forests News