Posted on 07 April 2020
In order to help prevent future zoonotic outbreaks like COVID-19, 93% of respondents surveyed in Southeast Asia and Hong Kong support actions by their governments to close high-risk wildlife markets.
This World Health Day, as the world grapples with the worst public health emergency in recent memory, new research
by WWF has found that over 90 per cent of respondents surveyed in Southeast Asia and Hong Kong support a government-led closure of illegal and unregulated wildlife markets.
The recent outbreak of COVID-19 has brought the link between zoonotic diseases - those transmitted from animals to humans - and wildlife markets into sharp focus. A survey
conducted in March among 5,000 participants from Hong Kong SAR, Japan, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam found that 82 per cent of respondents are extremely or very worried about the outbreak, with 93 per cent of respondents in Southeast Asia and Hong Kong supporting action by their governments to close illegal and unregulated markets.
Questions remain about the exact origins of COVID-19, but the World Health Organization has confirmed it is a zoonotic disease. The Chinese government announced a comprehensive ban on the consumption of wild animals as food on 24 February. WWF’s research shows that citizens support similar action from other governments across the region.
“China has taken great steps prohibiting the hunting, trade, transport and eating of wild animals, and Vietnam is working on similar directives,” said Christy Williams, Regional Director of WWF’s Asia Pacific program. “Other Asian governments must follow by closing their high-risk wildlife markets and ending this trade once and for all to save lives and help prevent a repeat of the social and economic disruption we are experiencing around the globe today.”
Nine per cent of those surveyed by GlobeScan
stated that they or someone they know had purchased wildlife in the past 12 months at an open wildlife market, but that 84 per cent are unlikely or very unlikely to buy wildlife products in the future.
“These results are incredibly significant because they show that, in countries near the epicenter of the recent COVID-19 outbreak, there is overwhelming public support for ending the sale of wild animals,” said Ron Tsutsui, CEO of WWF Japan. “This is a clear call to regional governments from their citizens to work with their respective health and environment ministries to take action to prevent the next potential outbreak.”
“The public in Asia have spoken - those living in countries where wildlife markets are most prevalent are demanding that wildlife consumption is curbed and illegal and unregulated wildlife trade is eliminated. People are deeply worried and would support their governments in taking action to prevent potential future global health crises originating in wildlife markets." said Marco Lambertini, Director General of WWF International. “It is time to connect the dots between wildlife trade, environmental degradation and risks to human health. Taking action now for humans as well as the many wildlife species threatened by consumption and trade is crucial for all of our survival.”
The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported that the current COVID-19 pandemic, along with at least 61 per cent
of all human pathogens, are zoonotic in origin. The wildlife trade, both legal and illegal, is an aggravating risk in the spread of zoonoses. Other recent epidemics, including SARS, MERS and Ebola, have also all been traced back to viruses that spread from animals to people.
Unsustainable wildlife trade is the second-largest direct threat
to biodiversity globally, after habitat destruction. Populations of vertebrate species on earth declined by an average 60 per cent
since 1970, and a 2019 report
from the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) concluded that an average of 25 per cent of global species are currently threatened with extinction.
Access the full report
and the summary
Note on the online survey conducted by GlobeScan
Between March 3-11, 2020, with n=1,000 respondents polled online in Hong Kong SAR, Japan, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam for a total of 5,000 responses. Respondents were randomly selected and were representative of gender and age of the online population of their respective market.
In all markets, except for Japan, 90% or more of the people surveyed were very likely or likely to support efforts by governments and health ministries to close all illegal and unregulated markets selling wildlife in their country. However, in Japan, 59% of the respondents answered that there are no such markets in their country. In Japan, open wildlife markets for meat are not prevalent. Therefore, this may explain why only 54% claimed that they would support such government efforts.